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Relationship Between bending sheet metal Radius And Thickness of Sheet

press brake

This paper explores the relationship between the bending radius and the thickness of sheet metal and analyzes the factors that affect the bending radius of the sheet metal thickness. The paper also provides recommendations for selecting the thickness of the sheet metal and references to help readers better understand and apply the relevant knowledge.

1. Introduction

Bending is a common process in sheet metal processing, which deforms the sheet metal into the desired shape. The bending radius is one of the important factors that determine the strength and durability of the finished product. The thickness of the sheet metal is a key parameter that affects the bending radius. This paper will focus on the relationship between the two.

2. Factors Affecting the Bending Radius of Sheet Thickness

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2.1 Material Properties

The different material properties of sheet metal, such as its strength and ductility, will affect its bending radius. For example, the bending radius of steel sheets is usually smaller than that of aluminum sheets.

2.2 Sheet Thickness

The thicker the sheet, the larger the bending radius required. This is because thicker sheets require more force to bend them.

2.3 Bending Process

Different bending processes will also affect the bending radius. For example, a press brake will generally produce a smaller bending radius than a roll forming machine.

2.4 Bending Direction

For sheets of the same material and thickness, the bending radius may be different when bending in different directions. For example, when bending along the rolling direction of the sheet, the bending radius is usually smaller than when bending perpendicular to the rolling direction.

Relationship Between bending sheet metal Radius And Thickness of Sheet

3. Minimum Bending Radius

The minimum bending radius is the smallest bending radius that does not cause the material to crack or fracture. Generally, the minimum bending radius is proportional to the thickness of the sheet and inversely proportional to the strength and ductility of the material.

4. Bending Allowance

The bending allowance is the extra length of material required for bending. The bending allowance is calculated based on the bending radius, sheet thickness, and bending process.

5. Relationship Between Sheet Thickness and Bending Radius

The relationship between the bending radius and the thickness of the sheet metal can be expressed by the following formula:

Bending radius = (Sheet thickness) x (Bending coefficient)

The bending coefficient is a constant related to the material, bending direction, and process, typically ranging from 1 to 5. The larger the bending coefficient, the larger the bending radius.

6. Selection of Sheet Thickness

When selecting the thickness of the sheet, the following factors need to be considered:

  • Strength and stiffness requirements of the part: Parts with higher strength and stiffness requirements require thicker sheets.
  • Bending radius requirements: Parts with smaller bending radius requirements require thinner sheets.
  • Processing cost: The thicker the sheet, the higher the processing cost.
  • Material properties: Different materials have different bending coefficients, and need to be selected based on a comprehensive consideration of material properties and processing requirements.

7. Case Analysis

Case 1: An automaker needs to produce a new car body. The car body needs to have sufficient strength and stiffness, and also meet the requirements of the bending radius. After analysis, the company chose a 1.5 mm thick steel sheet and used a press brake for bending.

Case 2: An electronics manufacturer needs to produce a new electronic product housing. The housing needs to have a good appearance and texture, and also meet the requirements of the bending radius. After analysis, the company chose a 0.8 mm thick aluminum sheet and used a roll forming machine for bending.

8. Conclusion

The thickness of the sheet metal is an important factor affecting the bending radius. In the design and manufacturing of bent sheet metal parts, it is necessary to fully consider the influence of sheet thickness to ensure that the parts meet the requirements for strength, stiffness, processing cost, and other aspects.


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